A Unified Field Theory
A summary of the Unified Field Theory
‘Dark Energy' and the Inverse Square Law
One of the fundamental assumptions of the Unified Field Theory is that the field is one single unified field. With this thought in mind we think of the universe as just being one big single field and everything that we see in the universe is just a manifestation of this one field.
A summary of the Unified Field Theory
This would include so called ‘empty space', for this warped three dimensional space field is the single largest visible field in the entire universe, and no Unified Field Theory would be truly unified if it did not include this field as well.
We can come to the conclusion that even this ‘three dimensional space' is a field which is just a manifestation of the one single unified field, for we routinely power our coffee pots and light bulbs using energy which we seemingly pull right out of ‘empty space', employing the simple trick of causing a volume of water to move through a short distance of empty space in the Hoover Dam, thus turning an electromagnetic turbine and converting motion through this space into electrical energy. We also use motion through this space to accelerate space craft (the fly by maneuver) and the interaction of the two space fields of the earth and moon transfer momentum energy to the moon (increasing its acceleration and thus its orbit height by about three centimeters per year). All these interactions involve either a direct transfer of momentum energy from one field to another field or in the case of the Hoover Dam a transfer of momentum energy to electrical current.
We know how energy is distributed in such a field in three dimensions. The distribution obeys the Inverse Square Law, where the energetic density decreases as the inverse square of the distance (2 times more distant, 1/4 the density, 5 times more distant, 1/25 the density, and so on).
In a small local field we find such density to be properly distributed. Certain observations of the behavior of the universe at the very largest cosmic scales show that the further away you look, towards the most distant parts of the universe, the faster the rate of acceleration. Some ‘repulsive force' appears to be defying the expected behavior predicted by gravitational theory by forcing a rapid expansion of the universe. This strange repulsive force is then attributed to ‘dark energy', a strange and as yet poorly understood new form of energy.
Now let us suppose that we were to release a weather balloon. Objects that fall down in a gravitational field start slowly and then accelerate as they fall. Objects that fall up in a gravitational field start very quickly and then decelerate as they rise. A weather balloon possesses and inherent and fixed quantity of conserved momentum and so when the balloon is release it experiences a sudden instantaneous burst of velocity (in an ideal situation an acceleration curve is not required, if we imagine that drag caused by air resistance was not present). The balloon slows as it rises and finally coasts to a full stop at a certain position in the field. The balloon is now in orbit at its correct orbital energy level. The balloon has been ‘sorted' according to the requirements of the Inverse Square Law. We can think of the rising of this balloon, or of hydrogen or helium to be a form of ‘atmospheric sedimentation' (heavier elements on the bottom, lighter elements on top, a distribution required by the Inverse Square Law). Since there is no real difference between matter and energy as far as the field is concerned, even matter must be sorted in the required density distribution.
Now if it was true that the farthest reaches of the universe were experiencing a rapid acceleration, we could interpret this to mean that the universe is still in its infancy. Even the universe, on the grand and enormous cosmic scale, must be sorted such that its energy distribution will be found to correspond with the requirements of the Inverse Square Law. We know that the universe is not well sorted for there are enormous structures composed of galaxies, and there are equally enormous empty voids. The universe requires sorting. If the universe is young, then this implies that the universe requires expansion, and as we know when objects, including, it would seem, galaxies, rise within the field they experience rapid acceleration, and they only begin to slow down and coast to a full stop when they have reached their proper position within the field. We could assume that at the colossal cosmic scales, such a sorting operation could take many tens of billions of years to achieve.
Apparently properly sorting a smaller local structure such as a galaxy can occur over a much shorter time scale. Is Unknown Force In Universe Acting On Dark Matter?. Dr Hongsheng Zhao of the SUPA Centre of Gravity, University of St. Andrews, have discovered a curious anomaly in the density distribution of galaxies, and they "speculate that dark matter might not exist and that the anomalous motions of stars in galaxies are due to a modification of gravity on extragalactic scales. Dr. Benoit Famaey (Universities of Bonn and Strasbourg) explains: "The dark matter seems to 'know' how the visible matter is distributed. They seem to conspire with each other such that the gravity of the visible matter at the characteristic radius of the dark halo is always the same. This is extremely surprising since one would rather expect the balance between visible and dark matter to strongly depend on the individual history of each galaxy." The age or size of the galaxies are irrelevant. The distribution of the density of each galaxy always produces the exact same result, no matter the size or age of the galaxy. "Dr Famaey added, "If we account for our observations with a modified law of gravity, it makes perfect sense to replace the effective action of hypothetical dark matter with a force closely related to the distribution of visible matter."
What is significant about this finding is that it is not explained by our ‘matter based theory of gravity' since there is no reason for a matter based theory of gravity to be so very fussy about the distribution of visible matter, and there is nothing currently included in our theory of gravity that would explain this sorting, for the sorting can only be interpreted correctly by the assumptions of the Unified Field Theory.
Therefore we come to the following conclusions. There is no ‘matter based gravity field'. There is just one field, and the behavior we attribute to ‘gravity' is just the way this field interprets energy when that energy is expressed in the form we perceive as ‘a mass of matter'. Because matter is just energy, and is perceived as being energy by the Unified Electromagnetic Field, even matter requires this proper sorting, such that the density distribution will correspond to the dsitribution described by this Inverse Square Law (dense at the center, less dense at the outer edge). It is this effect which then affects the distribution of visible matter in a smaller local field, such as a galaxy of any size or age. Even the entire cosmos requires sorting, and this would generate an accelerating expansion force, if we assume that the universe is very young. The very uneven distribution of matter in the universe would then require this anomalous acceleration force to be present, since this force, typically attributed to ‘dark energy', is the force required if this sorting is to take place and produce the required proper distribution of density on the cosmic inter- galactic scale .
We must be entirely consistent when developing a theory, and one of the consequences of this theoretical interpretation of the meaning of ‘dark energy' on the cosmic scale is that we are implying that the cosmic field is always aware of its total density distribution at all times. We are proposing a ‘non-local' effect.
It would be typical to place an arbitrary limitation upon the cosmic extragalactic field, in that we would say that changes in density distribution can only be communicated across the field at no greater than the speed of light. This is the principle of locality being applied to the cosmic energy field.
When a mass of matter falls in a gravity field, it experiences a fixed rate of acceleration which is independent of the total aggregate mass. A hammer and a feather drop at exactly the same rate. From this we can conclude that tiny particles of mass (quarks) are interpreted by the momentum field as representing a fixed and invariant quantity of momentum energy. We could also reverse our thinking, and instead of thinking of ‘velocity', we could say that each elementary mass represents a fixed and invariant quantity of deceleration. The idea here is similar to that proposed in particle physics theory (the Higgs field which gives mass to matter through deceleration...you can imagine what it is like to move your hand quickly through water...this is hard to do and the harder you push the slower your hand moves due to increased resistance in the water).
Now given that a mass is decelerated, it just logically follows that the movement of a mass must generate time. Motion cannot occur instantaneously, which is a consequence of this deceleration, and so we can see that such deceleration then generates the principle of locality and along with it, it will also generate the phenomenon we interpret as the passage of time. We assume that the universe comes with no clock, but the clock, much like a baked potato, is just a creation of the energy field. Field motion generates what we perceive as time. Given that a mass is decelerated, it will take time to move and thus properly sort a mass. If momentum is quantized, then we can consider the transfer of quanta of momentum to resemble a clock tick. Even bosons, which are not ‘mass' must move through an energy field defined by a mass (the field is now ‘three dimensional') and so even the movement of a boson generates time. We dispose of the idea of a literal existing clock (the fourth dimensional clock) and replace this concept with what we might call ‘quantum field time', which is just an effect generated by motion (a consequence of deceleration which produces locality) and is a consequence of the attempt of the energy field to move towards entropy (so much of the motion taking place on both macro and quantum scales is a consequence of a movement towards entropy or proper balance of energy distribution).
Now let's assume that the underlying structure of the energy field was similar to that predicted in string theory. Let us assume that the strings possess a property similar to ‘elastic tension' and that for some fundamental reason, when a mass of matter is present, the correct ‘tension' for those strings is to be found expressed by the three dimensional distribution we know as the Inverse Square Law. Just because it is true that a mass of matter is decelerated and bosons are quantized, and both generate time through quantized field motion, it does not follow from this that we must therefore impose the constraint of time upon the fundamental string like elements that make up the underlying architecture of the universal energy field. To impose locality on those string like component elements would just be an arbitrary anthropocentric projection onto the field. Just because we have mass, and experience time, therefore it must be true that a fundamental string element must also be restricted to communicating field tension information at no faster than this arbitrarily imposed limit of the speed of light. Because we, the human, experience locality, therefore it should also be forced upon some fundamental string element.
We can assume that for a string element time does not exist. This must be true if the universe is being sorted according to the Inverse Square Law at even these vast cosmic scales, and we can assume that the slightest movement of matter anywhere in the universe as we perceive it is instantaneously communicated all over the string field in zero time. This does not mean that the string field does not experience any effects of time, for this time is generated by each quantized motion of matter everywhere in the universe. What is being suggested is that with each quantized change the string field responds instantly, everywhere in the universe, in zero time. Such a non- local property of the underlying string like architecture would be required if the energy field is to be found properly sorting out large intergalactic structures covering vast expanses of the cosmos in accordance with the Inverse Square Law. This implies timelessness and acceptance of the principle of non-locality as a required property of string theory.
Testing String Theory
It has often been suggested that no experiment could ever be conducted that might verify the existence of the string like elements of string theory. However we could use our imaginations and if we assume that the strings are resonating with each change in the density distribution of the universe, and if we assume, as we must, that this effect is non-local and occurs in zero time, then it becomes possible to consider a new form of broadcast medium which employs plucking strings to make them resonate much like the strings of a guitar.
Now the changing tensions of those vibrating resonating strings generates background noise, much like the background noise of the EM radio frequency spectrum. However given some very advanced technology we can imagine plucking strings to generate resonance at some unnatural frequency that a receiver of some sort could separate from all the apparently random noise, to retrieve a broadcast signal. Therefore we could imagine our outpost in some far away spot in space broadcasting information back to home base on earth in zero time, exploiting this non- locality of the underlying string architecture. The very first time such a broadcast was made there would no longer be any doubt as to whether or not it was possible to conduct an experiment to verify the existence of those strings.
I have been toying with the idea of proposing an experiment in string theory, as an exercise in refuting the demoralized pessimism that sometimes bubbles up like foam on the surface from time to time. What I am discovering is that describing a proper experimental test of string theory (based upon this idea of instantaneous nonlocalized communication) is dependent upon properly describing the properties of this string field. The end result is that one must assume that perhaps the best approach would be to become Thomas Edison, and just throw darts at some dart board (one of the criticisms of Edison was that his approach was ‘not theoretical', in that Edison would practice a strategy of persistent exclusion of hypothesis, until finally achieving the correct solution...therefore he might try one thousand different methods (a random hurled dart) and then discover that tungsten was the correct material for a light bulb filament. We could determine the properties of a string field using such an approach, and because it was not very theoretical, but rather consisted of tossing darts, it would be a more expensive approach. Given how very miserly we must be research grant money, one must wonder how enthusiastic people might become as regards this strategy of tossing darts at some string field.
Let me give one example of what I mean. Let's assume that one property of this underlying string field is ‘elastic tension'. We also assume that the principle of non-locality applies to the entire string field and that the string field does not experience time (it only experiences this time indirectly when a quantized change in string tension occurr, a change which is then communicated throughout the entire string field in zero time).
Now we want to jump up and down on that string field, as though it was a trampoline, so as to create a resonant change in tension, as part of a zero time communication strategy. Let's assume that we create a localized distortion in the string field by generating a powerful electromagnetic field. This will then create a type of ‘energetic singularity' of very dense energy at the center of the field surrounding by a cloud of energy that becomes thinner and more dispersed with distance, stretched and distorted into the form required by the density distribution described by the Inverse Square Law.
This field will become our transmitter. Some distance away we set up our receiver. This will consist of a second electromagnetic field, with a field detector, as well as a very sensitive clock. We do wish to confirm that the detector detects was detected in zero time (for this reason we compensate for any lack of sensitivity in our clock by means of increasing distance such that we can confirm that any changes in the underlying string field were communicated ‘faster than the speed of light', which confirms that the string architecture is not subject to time as we know it and that principle of non-locality holds true.
Now the problem here is to determine just what form this detector should assume. Let's assume that a change in the shape of the string field generated by our transmitter (jumping up and down on the string field) then generates a corresponding change in the ‘shape' of our receiving field. We could then design our detector to detect slight changes in the geometry of our receiving field (which would mean slight changes in the density of the field at some certain point in space). Now would this work? For our detector is also part of the string field, and therefore if there is also a slight change in the position of our detector within the string field, we might not be able to detect a slight change in the density distribution of our receiving field. Our detector is not an objective observer but rather a participant in the overall string field.
Now is there someway to separate ‘matter' from ‘energy' so as to construct a detector for our receiver that overcomes this potential limitation. The equivalence principle states that matter and energy are equivalent (E=MC2) however we can see that this does not imply that energy in this matter state and energy in the free state or any other state are therefore exactly equivalent. One of the proofs of this concept would be the fact that an electromagnetic field was able to disguise itself as a so called ‘matter based gravity field' for over a century and remain undetected, for when energy is interpreted by the field when the energy is in this matter state it generates unusual effects that were not properly recognized.
It is for this reason that I remain optimistic that it will be possible to construct a proper detector for a string field receiver and then to introduce zero time instantaneous communication, doing so by filtering out the ‘noise' generated by the matter state of energy and tuning into a ‘frequency' that is tuned only to disturbances in the ‘free energy field'.
You can see, therefore, that I am never pessimistic. You often hear that even if there was a string as described by string theory, alas that will forever be beyond our reach, yada yada, and so on and so on. This demoralized pessimism is just the last traces of putrefaction rising up from the corpse of a decaying anthropocentric classical physics, for this classical physics is just the rigorous mathematical description of the mundane everyday human experience and the limited human interpretation of reality, and that turned out to be useful for a few centuries, but it was not valid science.