The Unified Field Theory
A summary of the Unified Field Theory
A New Theory of Gravitation
Note: Much of what I have written prior to January 28th has been discarded and the Unified Field Theory really began to develop with the piece on Archimedes principle. What you will read here has been superseded by a revised version. See the index page...or A summary of the Unified Field Theory
A summary of the Unified Field Theory
The Behavior of Gases
According to the Theory of Gases, the reason why gas atoms and molecules bounce around is because they possess ‘kinetic energy’. This explanation is a tautology, in that it suggests that gas molecules bounce around because they bounce around, or that gas molecules are energetic because they are energetic.
The Unified Field Theory considers the atom to be an Electromagnetic closed system, which obeys all the fundamental laws of Electromagnetic phenomenon, in that like charges repel, and unlike charges attract.
Understanding the attraction of unlike charges is to understand one of the fundamental behaviors of this ‘energy’, for it is characteristic of energy to fill all zones of negative energy, regions with no energy, or a net deficit of energy, with energy so as to even out the field of energy and achieve a stable state within a closed system.
The image above shows how energy flows naturally between an area with a surplus of energy (the yellow positively charged region) and an area which is negatively charged relative to the positively charged region (it either has no energy or less energy than the positively charged region). You can see by following the arrows that indicate the motion of the electric field that energy flows from surplus to deficit, and this only stops when the system is balanced at which time, since no ‘voltage’ (no difference in energy levels) exist all current flow stops.
In the above image two positively charged areas are emitting energy towards some negatively charged region (not shown). You can see that the net outflow of current between the two positively charged regions meet headlong between the two sources and create a kind of vortex in the space between the two charged areas. An analogy here might be made with Newton’s law, which states that for every force there is an equal and opposite reaction, and the two positively charged regions push each other away by means of their own current flow. The effect could be compared to an attempt to swim upstream against a current.
The above figure shows a simplified explanation of how a common bar magnet works. The white area on the left shows an ordinary anything, perhaps a book or a brick. Energy takes a random route through such objects, as indicated by the blue line. In a common bar magnet every door is wide open, you might say, and energy from the surrounding energy field takes a direct route straight through the bar magnet. The flow comes in through the south pole (the negatively charged region of the magnet) and out through the north pole (positive) and then the magnetic lines of force encircle the magnet, so that the current continues to flow around and around through the magnet. The current you see flowing through a bar magnet comes from the surrounding ambient energy field that surrounds the earth, or any other body with a gravitational field.
If you have ever tried to squeeze together two north poles or two south poles on a bar magnet you know that it is impossible to do this given the great force you encounter from the opposing current flows when attempting to bring two similar charges together.
A similar vortex is created between two negatively charged regions as illustrated above, and the only difference is in the direction of the flow. Energy surges into the region between the two negative charges and creates a very powerful repellant force in the form of a pressure vortex between the two charges, which repels them, something you can feel yourself if you try to join together two south poles on a bar magnet.
All atoms are like little magnets and this includes gas atoms and molecules. Atoms are attracted to opposite charges and repelled by similar charges, and it is this attraction and repulsion that causes the bouncing behavior of gases, for it is the slight differences in what has been called the ‘kinetic energy’ of gases that is responsible for the differences in charge between them. A more energetic atom has a more positive charge than a less energetic atom, which is another way of saying that an atom with a higher energy density (perceived by us a difference in temperature or a difference in momentum) is more positive relative to another atom with a lower energy level (perceived by us being a lower temperature or less momentum).
The purpose of the image above is to illustrate the point that opposite energy levels among atoms are the source of an electromagnetic attraction between atoms, in this case two hypothetical gas atoms which are going to first come together and then bounce off each other. The lighter field around each atom in the diagram above is intended to remind the reader that the energy field around an atom obeys the inverse square law so that a less dense energy envelope surrounds the atom for some distance. The atom on the left has a lower energy density (we could say that it is a cooler or slower gas atom) while the atom on the right has a higher internal energy density (it is warmer or faster). Even the slight difference in energy levels is enough to create a potential voltage differential between two gas atoms and so they come together and energy begins to flow from the positive to the negative.
It is inevitable the two atoms will reach a state of equilibrium and when this happens the two atoms have similar electromagnetic charges and the result is repulsion as the gas atoms or molecules seem to strike each other and then randomly richochet off into space. The cause of all this bouncing is slight differences in charge between gas molecules and gas atoms. What keeps gas atoms moving all the time is the fact that an atom seeks a state of equilibrium with the surrounding ambient energy field trapped within the magnetic field of the total gravitational system, and that energy field is a gradient, and just a trip up or down a foot or two results in a change in energy level for a gas molecule, because the free energy field in a gravitational field is a gradient, which means that it is a little less if you go up a short distance, and a little more if you go down a short distance.
The Electromagnetic Theory of Gravitation
According to the Unified Field Theory, gravitation is an Electromagnetic effect, wherein unlike charged energy fields attract and like energy fields repel. The concept of ‘positive’ and ‘negative’ are relative terms, and so we could say that a positive energy field and a negative energy field are attractive, and we could also say that two negative or two positive energy fields are repulsive, just depending on whether or not you want to describe the two fields as either ‘positive’ or ‘negative’. When the energy distribution in two fields are equal, and thus two closed systems exhibit identical steady states, those two systems are repulsive. It is because this state is so very rare, in that it requires total equivalence in energy, that we have never seen a demonstration of ‘anti-gravity’
We can define gravity using Einstein’s equation, E equals MC squared. The energy of a mass is MC squared. Let E1, the energy of one mass, equal MC squared and let E2, the energy of a second mass also be set equivalent to MC squared. When E1 = E2 gravitation becomes repulsive. This is one of the testable predictions of the gravitational model of this Unified Field Theory, although I would not want to underestimate just how difficult it might be to perform such an experiment. However, it should be possible to at least demonstrate a measurable deviation from expected gravitation, which might be about the best we could expect to achieve with out current technology (unless someone proves to be very creative) When E! is not equal to E2, an imbalance exists in the energy fields and gravity becomes attractive.
Gravity obeys the basic laws of Electromagnetism. This is the central thesis of the this Unified Field Theory..
We don’t see much ‘anti-gravity’ because we don’t see many masses of energy where the masses of energy is equal, and so therefore people assume that gravity is always an attractive force.
Gravitation as a consequence of ‘Charge’ and the ‘Conservation of the Energy Field’
Where a difference in total energy exists between two masses of energy (which would be true in most cases) then gravity exists, for it is characteristic of energy to flow towards negatively charged regions from positively charged regionsIt is also characteristic of energy within a magnetic field to exert a force which has the effect of evening out the energy in the energy field such that it is smooth and even everywhere (the conservation of the energy field). The electrical field property can be described as the flow of energy from areas of more energy (positive) to areas of less energy (negative) while the magnetic property works to see that this flow is even (the conservation of the total energy field, so that negative areas do not develop, which would be ‘holes in the energy field’). One could say that the function of the magnetic field is to eliminate the magnetic field, since a magnetic field would cease to exist the moment that any difference in potential ceased to exist..
It is because the goal of all energy is achieve the contradictory goals of filling all ‘negative empty space’ with equal quantities of energy, while at the same conserving energy, even though empty space is without dimension, and therefore cannot be filled by energy, that you experience gravity.
Empty space is infinite, while energy is quantized with a fixed finite value, and so the goal of an even and single quantized energy field cannot be achieved, and as we have seen by examining the big bang, the end result is the quantization of energy into closed systems, first on the scale of the atom, and then as bodies of atoms. There is only so much energy and space is infinite, and so therefore the battle between energy and space must be an eternal battle. Energy will fight that impossible war by attempting to win one small battle at a time, which is why you experience ‘gravity’
Clumping in the Early Universe – the First Gravitational Event
It is the hypothesis of this Unified Field Theory that a black hole must be the inevitable result of a single quantized mass of energy appearing in a space with zero dimensions (by definition such a negatively charged space must be infinite, since it is without dimension). Quantization of energy into little packets at different depths in the well of the black hole must have taken place in the midst of the swirling vortex, for we do see atoms in the universe today, little self enclosed magnetic bubbles of a certain density, maintaining magnetic fields with current flow. That the density of these packets of energy correspond with the hypothetical density in some powerful magnetic black hole seems to be more than a coincidence.
When all energy had been quantized by the swirling magnetic vortexes, and nothing remained but quantized atoms, crushed magnetic spheres with tremendous energy, there was no longer any free energy in the universe, and no longer anything to maintain the magnetic field within the black hole, or if there was free energy remaining, it was not powerful enough to overcome the expansive force of the quantized atoms, and the black hole exploded in what we refer to as the big bang.
As hyper energetic atoms rocketed through space at relativistic speeds, they lost pressure, and thus they were free to lose energy in the form of electromagnetic radiation of various forms, in particular as heat. The lost energy became like an ocean in which the atoms were swimming as the universe began expanding, and it was this free energy that was then available to create new sources of magnetic attraction, as energy of greater density was attracted to free energy of lesser density and magnetic fields once again began to develop as free energy liberated by cooling atoms was once again following the fundamental behavior of energy, and currents developed between positive and negative regions, current which always results in the development of magnetic fields. The atoms were caught up in these current flows and in the magnetic fields that were being generated here and there by slight differences in the pressure gradient in the energy field and the slight differences in temperature that began to develop, and so the universe began to clump together in clumps.
The result was the creation of many new vortexes which drew in atoms and energy, with the difference being that this time atoms, self enclosed little magnetic bubbles, were drawn into the clumps, and the result would be the creation of what we think of as physical objects. The free energy was free to flow into one central location but the atoms were self enclosed little bubbles, and all they could do was to pile one on top of the other, as spheres began to develop, since the energy in atoms is not free to flow into a central spot at the center of gravity, but rather atoms must stack and stack and stack, one on top of the other, as their mutual magnetic fields held them together, while their mutual repulsion kept them separate and apart from other atoms.
You might have read the Dr, Suess story about ‘Yurtle the Turtle’ who was forced to be at the very bottom of a large stack of turtles. The illustration above is intended to show how it could be true that atoms at the bottom of the stack could become just like Yurtle, but that is not what happens.
The above illustration is intended to convey the idea that each atom exists in a state of equilibrium with the surrounding ambient energy field, which consists of free energy at ever increasing densities the lower one goes in a gravitational field. Because an atom would be out a state of equilibrium and would become a negatively charged region if it did not become more energetic at lower levels in the gravitational stack, and because it is unnatural for such negative states to exist in any energy field, the atom behaves much like a gas molecule behaves and achieves a more energetic state, which is to say it has more potential energy the deeper in the gravity well it is located, and thus it does not get squashed like Yurtle the Turtle, because it achieves a balance between the itself and the surrounding energy field, while the magnetic field generated by the free energy keeps the atom in place, while at the same time the mutual forces of repulsion and attraction between individual magnetic atomic bubbles prevent the magnetic field from ever reaching a steady state.
The result is a state of permanent magnetism and a permanent balance of forces which we then experience as the force of gravity. It is the task of the magnetic field to make an energy system completely smooth and even, but this is impossible and so therefore a permanent battle takes place between the magnetic field generated by the field energy, which attempts to even out the density of the field energy, and the atoms, which are like little positive or little negative zones in the field at all times and which can never be smoothed out, since atoms can adjust to any potential difference in the field. Atoms do not respond to the resulting magnetic field force, which is to pull everything into one quantized singularity at the very center of the magnetic field (a point referred to as the center of gravity), and atoms only increase the strength of their internal magnetic field by increasing the density of their internal energy flow, the closer they get to the singularity.
Falling in a Gravitational Field
The field created by the competition between the atom and the surrounding electromagnetic field results in the creation of a field very much like the field surrounding a common bar magnet, in that the field is static. The field strength is stronger the closer a point is located to a bar magnet, and in the same way, the field strength is stronger the closer a point is to the center of gravity in a gravitational electromagnetic field. The field that spreads outwards from this point obeys the inverse square law, so that the free energy flow is much more dense the closer you get to the center of gravity and it becomes less dense the further away you move from this point, just as the lines of force around a bar magnet spread further and further apart the further you move a point away from the magnet.
The above image is intended to convey the idea that the energy field is more dense the close one moves to the center of gravity and becomes increasingly less dense the further away one goes, obeying the inverse square law, just as the current flow around a bar magnet increases the closer you get to a magnet and decreases the further you move away from the magnet.
Now let’s assume that you had the type of vision where instead of seeing visible light, when you were flying through space you would instead see everything as it would appear if you could see energy fields around a magnetic point source.
As you flew towards the earth you would see, instead of a solid appearing mass of matter, a point source surrounded by a cloud of energy, as illustrated in the image above.
It is said of gravity that it is a different force than the force known as electromagnetism, because under the influence of gravity like charges attract, such that positive attracts positive, which is different. It is also said of gravity that it is a force between masses of matter, and the assumption here is that such ‘masses of matter’ actually do exist, and that they ‘curve space-time’. The hypothesis of the Unified Field Theory is that such masses of matter do not exist, and the belief in such masses of matter is what I call ‘the mass delusion’. It is not ‘space-time’ which is being curved by ‘matter’ but rather the curvature described by Einstein in his equations, which he interpreted using the available evidence at the time, and given the prevailing belief in the existence of ‘elementary particles of matter’, as being a curvature of ‘space-time’ caused by ‘matter’ was in fact actually a description of an energy gradient around a magnetic point source. It is for this reason that the graph showing an object falling into a gravitational field is an exact match for the graph of an object falling into a magnetic field.
It is because the energy field which is trapped together with the atoms in every gravitational field follows the inverse square law that masses of energy follow curved paths. Some illustrations will demonstrate the point. It should be noted here that velocity (speed) needs to be considered in any discussion of gravitation, for if an object is moving with enough velocity, it can escape capture by a gravitational field, or it can go into orbit, but for the purposes of this discussion we will ignore velocity, and examine how an object would fall into a gravitational field.
When one body enters the gravitational field of another body, it is normally the case that one body is negatively charged with respect to the other, and it can therefore be said that the negatively charged body is falling into the gravitational field of the more energetic and positively charged body, as illustrated above. This involves a normal transfer of electromagnetic energy from the positively charged body into the negatively charged body, which then provides the energy that fuels the accelerating rate of descent of that body in the gravitational field. You do not get something from nothing, and you certainly do not get high speed acceleration without energy being involved in providing the required momentum, and this energy comes from the positively charged object, as indicated by the blue arrow.
As the object moves deeper and deeper into the energy field the field density increases, following the inverse square law, and the amount of energy transferred to the negative from the positive object increases.
The change in the density of the energy field is in the form a smooth and ever increasing gradient, such that the front of the object is always in a region slightly more positive than the back or sides, and the result of this is the build up of a slight positive charge at the front of the object (facing downwards into the gravity field). The result of this positive buildup is that the center of gravity of the objects shifts slight away from what was once the center of gravity and slightly towards the front.
The net result of the gradient present in the energy field is that the object retains a persistent positive charge facing forwards into the gravitational field, and the only way its magnetic field can attempt to compensate is to maintain a continual backwards flow of energy (shown in black). As you might recall, as Newton put it, for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction and the ‘opposite reaction’ in this case is the force shown in blue, which is a force generated forward into the gravitational field, a force that grows continually in strength as the gradient energy field surrounding the object grows steadily in density, resulting in an ever increasing rate of acceleration through the gravity field of the positively charged attractor.
You might recall out discussion of Yertle the Turtle the atom at the bottom of the stack. It is one thing to simply state that ‘every action has an equal and opposite reaction’ but in order to understand what this really means we must pay a visit to the atoms in the falling object. When we say that ‘the center of gravity shifts slightly forward because of the net positive charge on the forward facing edge of the falling object’ what we are saying is that the internal magnetic field of the falling object must rebalance the imbalance in the magnetic field by working to pull the atoms at the back more towards the front, while pushing the atoms at the front to the front, and the result could be a squashed Yertle the Turtle atom at the front leading edge of that falling body, if it were not for the fact that the leading atoms have gained potential energy from the surrounding gradient energy field of the positive body, and thus cannot be squashed. Therefore they can only be pushed forward by the internal magnetic field of the falling body of which they are apart, a pushing that is continuous and happens constantly, which then results in the movement forward of our closed energy system through the gradient energy field of the attracting body.
Falling Up – The Anti-Gravity Effect
There are three pieces of evidence that such a gradient of invisible energy envelopes the earth, and any other body with a gravitational field. The first is Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity, which describes the geometry of the density of this energy field, although in the past this has been interpreted improperly as the curvature of ‘space-time. Now space is just a empty nothing at all, and it is impossible to imagine how nothing at all could be ‘curved’, unless people are suggesting that this ‘space-time’ is the ‘luminescent ether’ which was the subject of speculation by theorists in the 19th century. If space is a something, like an ether or a ‘fabric’ then there would be something to stretch and warp but if space is just a big nothing with no dimensions at all, then there is nothing to warp or bend.
The second piece of evidence that we have that such a gradient field of invisible energy actually does surround the earth is the behavior of the common bar magnet, which generates such a strong current that it is impossible for even very strong and well muscled people to push together two similar poles of that magnet, because the opposing effects of the electrical currents swirling around and inside that bar magnet are just that powerful. Now you don’t get something for nothing, and therefore this Unified Field Theory would predict that the force generated between two similar poles on a bar magnet should be measurably less on top of Mount Everest as compared to the force on Earth, assuming that the density of the field corresponds to the strength of the current generated by the bar magnet.
Even if the above assumption proves to be incorrect, there still remains one more piece of evidence in support of the Unified Field Theory and that is the existence of an unexplained anti-gravity effect which can be observed at all times here on the earth. It turns out that by lucky happenstance that there is no hydrogen to be found on earth, because hydrogen, even though it is supposed to be a particle with mass like any other, nevertheless exhibits the anti-gravity effect by climbing up the presumed slope of the ‘curved space time’ and then escapes out into space. Now you don’t get something out of nothing at all, and that law applies to even a hydrogen atom, and if hydrogen atoms routinely lift off like little space shuttles and rocket up out into space, they require fuel to accomplish that task. There are those who will insist that ‘hydrogen is lighter than air’ and thus rises upwards, but this invoking a tautology, because it does not actually answer the question ‘why is hydrogen lighter than air’ or ‘what exactly does it mean to be lighter than air.’
Now hydrogen really is a dream come true for a theorist looking for a solution to the problem of unifying gravitation and electromagnetism, because if the earth was just a little big bigger, we would have hydrogen on earth instead of having all the hydrogen rocketing out into space, and displaying in the process the essentials of the anti-gravity effect. It turns out that hydrogen lifts off from Cape Canaveral and rockets up into space because the internal energy density of the hydrogen atom is lighter than the ambient energy density of the invisible energy field surrounding the earth. Hydrogen, therefore, is ‘lighter than air’ because the energy density that exists within the hydrogen atom is lighter than the density of the bundle of free energy trapped by the earth’s magnetic gravitational field.
This then allows hydrogen to reverse the process of falling into such a gradient field by falling up.
The fact that hydrogen falls up instead of falling down tells us something about the slope of the gradient of the earth’s invisible energy envelope.
Above we can see the gravity well generated by a small planet such as the earth, as compared to the much larger gravity well generated by a great gas giant planet, such as Jupiter. As you can see the gradient is stretched around the gas giant, and this idea is equivalent to the ‘curved space-time’ of Albert Einstein’s General Theory of Relatvity.
Above we can see a very light element like hydrogen sitting in the narrower (less stretched) gradient of the earth’s energy envelope on the left, and on the right we can see hydrogen sitting in the deeper and thus more stretched gradient energy field around a planet such as Jupiter.
What we can learn from hydrogen is that if an element is to fall into a gravitational energy field it must be more dense than the differential in the density of the gradient of the surrounding energy field. If it’s density is lighter than the difference in the gradient of the field density, it will never be able to adjust to suit the surrounding field and it will fall up instead of falling down.
The illustrations above are intended to demonstrate the point. On the left we see hydrogen, a very light element in the shallow energy gradient surrounding the earth, and as we can see it has developed a positive potential facing up away from the center of gravity, and just as a positive potential pulled a heavier body downwards, so the process is now reversed and a positive potential will now pull the hydrogen upwards and out into space. On the right we can see that the hydrogen atom on Jupiter has encountered a stretched energy field, where the density differential no longer exists, and therefore we see the exact same hydrogen atom being pulled downwards towards Jupiter by the positive potential facing the center of gravity. Hydrogen does not escape from the atmosphere, but hydrogen and many other gases do escape from the shallow energy traps surrounding small planets such as Mars or Mercury, and they do so for the same reason that hydrogen is able to escape from the shallow density gradient of earth’s surrounding energy field.