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The evidence that Moses did not compose the Torah
taken from the Pentateuch in the Bible

The resurrection of the giants
Nephilim, like Goliath,
reappear after the flood

     If Moses it was Moses who wrote the Bible, then it must be explained why their are contradictions in the manuscripts concerning Nephilim. The book of Numbers conflicts with the version of events in Genesis on the subject of giants. In the book of Genesis we read that,

"the Nephilim (giants) were on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men, and they bore children to them. These were the mighty men that were of old, the men of renown." (Genesis Chapter 6 verse 4)

     The phrase 'and also afterwards' is a later addition in an attempt to harmonize the Genesis account with the book of Numbers and Samuel, for reasons which will become obvious. These giants appear to be an ancient Hebrew equivalent to the Greek myth of Hercules or Cyclops. Shortly thereafter everyone on earth, including all the giants, called Nephilim, perish in the flood, with the exception of Noah and his family.

"And all flesh died that moved upon the earth, birds, cattle, beasts, all swarming creatures that swarm upon the earth, and every man; everything on the dry land in whose nostrils was the breath of life died. He blotted out every living thing that was upon the face of the ground, man and animals and creeping things and birds of the air; they were blotted out from the earth. Only Noah was left, and those that were with him in the ark." (Genesis Chapter 7 verse 21)

     We are told that these Nephilim became giants because they were the product of sexual relations between humans and what are called the sons of God, thus accounting for their great size. With the blood line of the Nephilim wiped out in the flood, one wonders why suddenly the giants reappear in the Bible. The Nephilim reappear again in the book of Numbers, and once again this disparate tradition is unique to this book. (It would appear that the books of Samuel are following the Numbers tradition in telling the tale of Goliath, the giant.)

"ĎAnd there we saw the Nephilim (the sons of Anak, who come from the Nephilim); and we seemed to ourselves like grasshoppers, and so we seemed to them.' Then all the congregation raised a loud cry; and the people wept that night." (Numbers Chapter 13 verse 33)

     The passage is clearly contradictory for we are explicitly told that the sons of Anak were descendants of Nephilim, who perished in the flood. The reappearance of the Nephilim is a tradition unique to the book of Numbers. It is also interesting to note that these sons of Anak are mentioned in Numbers and then in the event is mentioned in summary form in Deuteronomy. This indicates that either a reference to Nephilim was added later to Deuteronomy, or that the book of Deuteronomy was composed later than Numbers. If this was the case then the author of Deuteronomy was familiar with the Numbers narrative, and deliberately chose to contradict the story line presented there on a number of very significant points.

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